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Japan, Agence France-Presse
A young man, illuminated by mobile phones, recites protest poetry while demonstrators chant slogans calling for civilian rule, during a blackout in Khartoum, Sudan, on 19 June.
Protests in Sudan began in December 2018 and spread rapidly throughout the country, demanding an end to the 30-year rule of dictator Omar al-Bashir. On 11 April, al-Bashir was removed from office, and a transitional military government established. Protests continued, calling for power to be handed to civilians. On 3 June, government forces opened fire on unarmed protesters. Scores of people were killed and many more subject to further violence. The authorities sought to defuse protests by imposing blackouts, and shutting down the internet. Protesters communicated by text message, word of mouth and using megaphones, and resistance to military rule continued. Despite another severe crackdown on 30 June, the pro-democracy movement was eventually successful in signing a powersharing agreement with the military, on 17 August.